Detailed Lesson Plan in English IV
I. OBJECTIVES At the end of the lesson 100% of the students with at least 75% level of proficiency shall be able to: 1. Use the appropriate tense of the verb in the given sentences 2. Revise the sentences using Past Perfect Tense of the verb 3. Follow instructions carefully SUBJECT MATTER Topic : Skills : Materials : Values : Reference III. PROCEDURE Teacher’s Activity Preliminary Activities 1. Prayer 2. Greetings 3. Checking of Attendance 4. Checking of Assignments 5. Recalling of previous lesson Motivation Students’ Activity :
Past Perfect Tense Reading and Speaking Visual aids, flags, Polvoron, pictures, Boxes Cooperation and Teamwork Being careful in following instructions Effective English for everyday use IV
Are you familiar with the TV show Survivor? Yes ma’am. We will play a game similar to that. It is called “We Survive”. Just like in “Survivor”, you will have to undergo a series of challenges. I will group you into two. I shall call two representatives from each group to do the first tasks, but the representatives for the succeeding tasks will be your own choice. Each representative has to stand beside the green flags. He must get the green flag and look for the instruction written on the piece of paper. When the first representative is finished, he will run to the next representative and will tap his shoulder. Once tapped, the next representative may get the next green flag with the instructions written on a piece of paper and do what is asked. Each representative must read aloud every instruction so others can hear it. The challenges end when the last representative of the group finds the board and post it. The whole group has to shout “we survived!” when done with all the tasks. The first group to shout will win and will have 20 points while the non-winning group won’t have anything.
Any question? None ma’am. Okay let us start. 1st representative: Eat 1 piece of Polvoron and say SHE SELLS SEASHELLS BY THE SEA SHORE twice. 2nd representative: Blow the balloon until it pops and get the piece of paper inside.
Tell a girl from your group to get the next piece of paper on the yellow flag using her lips and do what is written.
Tell a boy from your group to sing and dance “Teach me how to dougie” while getting the next instructions on the red flag. He must read and do the instructions.
Ask your teacher for the board then post it on the blackboard.
P. P. T.
Congratulations to the winning team. Give yourselves a big round of applause. C. Lesson Proper How do you find the activity? Students’ answers vary. Through cooperation, teamwork and carefully following instructions, you were able to achieve your objective. The same logic applies in life. Sometimes, dealing with people, listening to their counsels and following their instructions help us achieve our goals in life. Do you agree? Going back with the activity, what does the board show? Later, we will talk about that acronym but for now, let’s recall the tasks you performed earlier through these sentences.
It shows the acronym P.P.T.
1. He had eaten polvoron before he recited a tongue twister. 2. After he had popped the balloon, he carried out the instruction. 3. He had been asking for the board for 10 seconds when the teacher gave it. Will you read the first example? 1. He had eaten polvoron before he recited a tongue twister. How many actions do we have in that sentence? We have two actions in the sentence. Correct! And what are those? Had eaten and recited are the actions in the sentence. That’s right! And when did they happen? Both happened in the past. Right! It took place at some point in the past, but which is the first past action? What verb phrase is used for the first past action? The verb phrase used is had eaten. Correct! And what pattern is used for that verb phrase? had + past participle of the verb. Nice! How about for the second action? What tense of the verb is used? Past tense is used for the second action. Good observation! Can you recall a particular lesson in English wherein you used had+past participle of the verb to show that an action was first completed or perfected before another action in the past? The acronym on the board will help you. Past Perfect Tense Very good! Today, you will learn when, where and how to use Past perfect tense of a verb in a sentence. Let us have an example: 1. The show started when we entered the theater. Can you tell what the first past action is? STARTED is the first action. What made you say that it was the first past action? Correct! The time expressions help us determine the first and the second action in a sentence but still the sentence is confusing. It might also imply that they already entered the theater and then the show started. ENTERED became the first action which is incorrect because the sentence is trying to tell us that the show had started before the 2nd action took place. What are we going to do with the verb STARTED to show that it is the first action? Very good! We use Past Perfect Tense to emphasize the earlier of the two past actions. Will you repeat. Because of the time expression WHEN.
We need to use the Past Perfect Tense of that verb
We use Past Perfect Tense to emphasize the 3
earlier of the two past actions. Right! again, how do we form the Past perfect Tense of the verb? We make use of Had + Past participle of the Verb
Good! To form past perfect tense, we use the ordinary form had + Past participle of the main verb for the first action. And for the second action what tense of the verb should we use? We use the simple past tense of the verb. Right! so, how are we going to correct this sentence? The show had started when we entered the theater. That’s right! Let us have another example: He had popped the balloon before he carried out the instruction. After he had popped the balloon, he carried out the instruction. What time expressions are used? Before and after are used. Right! But in the first sentence, notice that the time expression BEFORE is used with the clause where the verb is past tense while AFTER is used with the clause where the verb is in Past Perfect Tense. Time expressions may appear either at the beginning or at the middle of a sentence for as long as they are positioned in the appropriate clause. Before he carried out the instruction, he had popped the balloon. How many clauses do we have in this sentence? We have two clauses. What are those? Right! What do we call this kind of clause which does not express a complete thought? That’s right! It is called dependent clause or subordinate clause. How about the other clause Which expresses a complete thought? Good! Therefore if we have 1 independent clause and 1dependent or subordinate clause in this sentence then what kind of sentence is this? Very good! So, in a complex sentence that contains two past actions, subordinate clause introduced by BEFORE, WHEN and BY THE TIME contains the past tense of the verb while AFTER contains the past perfect tense of the BEFORE HE CARRIED OUT THE INSTRUCTIONS and HE HAD POPPED THE BALLOON.
It is called Dependent clause.
It is called Independent clause.
We have a Complex sentence.
verb. He carried out the instruction after he had popped the balloon. . Will you help me with this example: I gave the instructions before the bell rang. I had given the instructions before the bell rang. Let us have another example: Before we arrived in school, the class started. The visitors arrived after I cooked dinner. Revise this sentence using the Past Perfect form of the verb. Very good! Let us compare that to the sentence we had here. He had been asking for the board for 10 seconds when the teacher gave it. What is the difference of the verb phrase this sentence from the previous one? It makes use of had + been + -ing from of the verb. Good! Aside from that, what else? There is duration of time when the first action happened. And what is that? The duration of time is for 10 seconds Correct. There is duration of time which is in the form of prepositional phrase. It means that the action had been ongoing for 10 seconds before another past action took place. What do you think is the form of past perfect tense that denotes that an action was continuous for a period of time in the past and was completed before another past action took place? It is the Progressive form of past perfect tense. Correct! Progressive form of past perfect tense is used to show that there is a continuity of action that is completed before another action in the past. Again, when do we use the progressive form of the past perfect tense? Progressive form of past perfect tense is used to show that there is a continuity of action that is completed before another action in the past. And what pattern do we use for the progressive form of the past perfect tense? We use had + Been + -ing form of the main verb Good! How about for the second action, what tense of verb do we use? We use simple past tense of the verb. Right! We use had + been + -ing form of the 5 Before we arrived in school, the class had started. The visitors arrived after I had cooked dinner.
verb for the first action and still simple past tense for the second action. Look at this sentence. Shone (waited) for two hours when I (Arrive). Revise this sentence using the progressive form of past perfect tense of the verbs inside the parentheses. Shone had been waiting for two hours when I arrived. Very good. Although we seldom use past perfect tense in speaking, remember that is highly suggested to use past perfect tense in writing that is to emphasize the earlier of the two past actions Any question with the ordinary and progressive form of past perfect tense? None. Let us have this one. Practice: Construct sentences using the given words and appropriate tense of the verb. Ex. Anne (Go) shopping After She (clean) the house Answer: Anne went shopping after she had cleaned the house. She (drive) her car for 1 hour When She (arrive) at her house Answer: She had been driving her car for 1 hour when she arrived at her house. My parents (go) to Canada By the time They (celebrate) their 21st wedding anniversary Answer: My parents had gone to Canada by the time they celebrated their 21st wedding anniversary.
They (Call) us After The plane (land) Answer: They called us after the plane had landed.
They (eat) at a fancy restaurant Before They (check) in a Hotel 6
Answer: They had eaten at a fancy restaurant before they checked in a hotel. They (stay) there for 1 week When They (decide) to go home Answer: They had been staying there for week when they decided to go home. D. Application Revise the sentences by using the appropriate tense of the verb. 1. The police saw the thieves before they escaped. 2. She worked at the company for three years when it went out of business. 3. The professor taught at the university for more than a year before he left for Asia. 4. The child ate the food by the time his mother saw him. 5. I prepared for the occasion for a week when they told me about it. E. Generalization
Inside these boxes are pictures of celebrities. Pick one and pass. Students do the task. The person holding the picture of the celebrity that I will say shall stand up and answer a question. If it’s correct, he may pick from the prizes in the white box but if not, he needs to pick one from the foods in the black box and eat it. Are the instructions clear? Yes ma’am. Let’s start. Enchong Dees’s picture: What are the two forms of past perfect tense? The two forms of past perfect tense are the ordinary and progressive form. Correct! Lee Min Ho’s Picture: When do we use Past Perfect Tense of the verb? We use past perfect tense of the verb to show that an action took place before another action in the past. Very good! Angel Locsin’s picture: What pattern do we use for ordinary form of past perfect tense? The ordinary form of past perfect tense is had+Past participle of the main verb That’s right! Kim Chui’s picture: When do we use the progressive form of the 7
past perfect tense?
We use the progressive form of past perfect tense to show that there is a continuity of action that is completed before another action in the past. Very good! Mario Maurer’s picture: What pattern do we use for the progressive form of a past perfect tense? It is formed by using had + been + -ing form of the verb Nice job. Any question? None. Get your notebook.
IV. EVALUATION Copy and answer the following. Use the appropriate form of the verb in the following sentences 1. The town officials (map) out contingency plans before the volcano (erupt). 2. I (pay) the bill when he (arrive) 3. Larry (pass out) after we (perform) the experiment. 4. The girls (exercise) for three hours before they (take) a shower. 5. I (try) to sell my car for six months before I (find) a buyer. V. ASSIGNMENT In ½ crosswise, complete the following sentences by telling about something that had happened before the action in the past. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. _______________________________________ when he left the house. _______________________________________ before I made my decision. _______________________________________ by the time he said goodbye. I felt sleepy after ________________________________________________. I had slept for three hours_________________________________________.
Prepared by: _____________________ Janine D. Huelgas Student Teacher
Checked by: _______________________ Mrs. Jane Rose Y. Tolentino Cooperating Teacher
Noted: _____________________ Mr. Roberto R. Pantig English Department Head
Approved: _______________________ Mrs. Ofelia D. De Vega Secondary School Principal II